TD to Expand its U.S. Investment Banking Business and Capabilities with Acquisition of Cowen Inc. Click here for the Press Release

Cowen Announces Financial Results For Second Quarter 2022

  • Reports 2Q22 GAAP Net Income to common stockholders for diluted earnings per share of $12.4 million, or $0.41 per diluted share
  • Economic Operating Income of $3.7 million, or $0.12 per diluted share (Non-GAAP)
  • Declared quarterly cash dividend of $0.12 per share

NEW YORK, Aug. 03, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Cowen Inc. (NASDAQ: COWN) (“Cowen” or “the Company”) today announced its operating results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2022.

Jeffrey M. Solomon, Chair and Chief Executive Officer of Cowen, said, “Cowen delivered profitability in the second quarter in the face of challenging market conditions, which is a testament to the broad, resilient business we have built over the last several years. We are focused on outperforming for our clients, providing strategic advice, innovative financing solutions, world-class investment research, advanced execution capabilities and differentiated investment products.”

Announced Transaction

On August 2, 2022, TD Bank Group (“TD”) and Cowen announced a definitive agreement for TD to acquire Cowen in an all-cash transaction valued at approximately $1.3 billion, or $39 for each Class A common share of Cowen. The transaction is expected to close in the first calendar quarter of 2023, and is subject to customary closing conditions, including approvals from the Company’s shareholders and various U.S., Canadian and foreign regulatory authorities. Post-closing, parts of the combined business will be known as TD Cowen, a division of TD Securities.

Second Quarter 2022 Financial Summary

  Operating Results (GAAP)   Economic Operating Income (Non-GAAP)
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Three Months Ended June 30,
($ in millions, except per share information)   2022     2021   Δ %     2022     2021   Δ %
                       
                       
Revenue/Economic Proceeds (Non-GAAP) $ 302.4   $ 458.8   (34)%   $ 268.6   $ 390.1   (31)%
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders for diluted earnings per share/Economic Operating Income (Non-GAAP) $ 12.4   $ 43.6   (72)%   $ 3.7   $ 50.8   (93)%
Earnings (loss) per common share (diluted) $ 0.41   $ 1.29   (68)%   $ 0.12   $ 1.50   (92)%
                       
Note: Throughout this press release the Company presents Non-GAAP financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). A reconciliation of these Non-GAAP measures appears under the section, “Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures.”

Second Quarter 2022 Operating Financial Highlights

  • Sustained Performance in Markets :
    • Brokerage Economic Proceeds of $2.95 million/trading day in 2Q’22, up 5% year-over-year and above FY’21 average
    • Strong growth in cash trading, non-US execution, derivatives and swaps trading
    • Prime Services revenues steady, as outsourced trading momentum offsets challenging market conditions
  • Solid Investment Banking performance:
    • Strong Capital Markets Advisory revenues helped offset weaker equity issuance and M&A completions
    • Demonstrated industry coverage strength in healthcare, industrials and TMT
  • Year-over-Year Growth in Assets Under Management
    • As of June 30, 2022, the Company had AUM of $14.7 billion, up 2%, or $0.3 billion, from June 30, 2021
    • Management fees economic proceeds were $20.4 million, up 13% from 2Q’21
  • Invested Capital:
    • As of June 30, 2022, the Company had invested capital in Op Co totaling $745.7 million, up from $723.2 million as of March 31, 2022
    • As of June 30, 2022, the Company had invested capital in Asset Co totaling $115.5 million, down from $119.6 million as of March 31, 2022
    • The largest Asset Co investments are the investment in Italian wireless broadband provider Linkem S.p.A ($77.7 million excluding carried interest) and private equity funds Formation8/Eclipse ($27.3 million)

Capital Optimization Update

In the second quarter of 2022, the Company repurchased $3.3 million of its common stock, or 120,700 shares, at an average price of $27.24 per share under the Company’s existing share repurchase program. Outside the share repurchase program, the Company acquired approximately $4.3 million of stock as a result of net share settlements relating to the vesting of equity awards, or 177,050 shares, at an average price of $24.17 per share. Share repurchases were limited by compliance-related blackout restrictions during the second quarter of 2022. Approximately $28.7 million is currently available for repurchase under the program.

Quarterly Cash Dividend

On July 20, 2022, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.12 per common share. The dividend will be payable on September 15, 2022, to stockholders of record on September 1, 2022.

Select Balance Sheet Data

(Amounts in millions, except per share information)      
  June 30, 2022   December 31, 2021
Common equity (CE) $ 1,047.2   $ 1,015.9
       
Book value per share (CE/CSO) $ 37.67   $ 36.57
       
Common shares outstanding (CSO)   27.8     27.8
       
Note: Common Equity (CE) is equivalent to Cowen Inc. stockholders’ equity.

Cowen Inc.
US GAAP Preliminary Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Dollar and share amounts in thousands, except per share data)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30   June 30
    2022       2021       2022       2021  
Revenue              
Investment banking $ 100,169     $ 224,981     $ 201,711     $ 529,815  
Brokerage   154,656       139,060       323,394       312,797  
Investment income (loss)              
Securities principal transactions, net   31,542       40,572       122,794       104,537  
Portfolio fund principal transactions, net   (9,462 )     (1,882 )     (15,560 )     13,521  
Carried interest allocations   (32,083 )     (35,530 )     (49,150 )     61,239  
Total investment income (loss)   (10,003 )     3,160       58,084       179,297  
Management fees   16,717       14,995       33,486       40,737  
Incentive income         169       633       2,427  
Interest and dividends   48,545       62,173       94,880       121,561  
Insurance and reinsurance premiums   14,278       11,493       25,599       18,610  
Other revenues, net   (6,625 )     2,031       (7,574 )     3,690  
Consolidated Funds revenues   (15,324 )     695       (17,208 )     (2,652 )
Total revenue   302,413       458,757       713,005       1,206,282  
Interest and dividends expense   53,925       63,073       100,449       120,714  
Total net revenue   248,488       395,684       612,556       1,085,568  
Expenses              
Employee compensation and benefits   151,322       219,186       338,500       607,382  
Insurance and reinsurance claims, commissions and amortization of deferred acquisition costs   3,171       5,216       10,514       11,671  
Operating, general, administrative and other expenses   85,381       104,001       186,182       200,077  
Depreciation and amortization expense   6,997       4,565       14,182       8,919  
Consolidated Funds expenses   54       124       159       395  
Total expenses   246,925       333,092       549,537       828,444  
Other income (loss)              
Net (losses) gains on other investments   3,527       6,730       9,107       19,375  
Bargain purchase gain, net of tax                     3,855  
Gain/(loss) on debt extinguishment                     (4,538 )
Total other income (loss)   3,527       6,730       9,107       18,692  
Income (loss) before income taxes   5,090       69,322       72,126       275,816  
Income tax expense/(benefit)   5,908       10,244       17,797       64,672  
Net income (loss)   (818 )     59,078       54,329       211,144  
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries and funds   (14,981 )     13,755       5,150       18,317  
Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc.   14,163       45,323       49,179       192,827  
Less: Preferred stock dividends   1,698       1,698       3,396       3,396  
Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc. common stockholders $ 12,465     $ 43,625     $ 45,783     $ 189,431  
               
Earnings (loss) per share:              
Basic $ 0.45     $ 1.62     $ 1.63     $ 6.98  
Diluted $ 0.41     $ 1.29     $ 1.48     $ 5.62  
               
Weighted average shares used in per share data:              
Basic   27,897       26,903       28,138       27,130  
Diluted   30,153       33,858       30,899       33,703  

U.S. GAAP Financial Measures

Second quarter 2022 revenue was $302.4 million versus $458.8 million in the second quarter of 2021. The year-over-year decrease was due primarily to reduced investment banking activity, partially offset by higher brokerage revenues.

Second quarter 2022 investment banking revenues decreased $124.8 million to $100.2 million. During the quarter, the Company completed five underwriting transactions and 39 strategic advisory transactions, including five debt capital markets transactions.

Second quarter 2022 brokerage revenues increased $15.6 million to $154.7 million. The increase was attributable to a modest increase in institutional brokerage activity.

Second quarter 2022 investment income decreased $13.2 million to a loss of $10.0 million. The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to portfolio fund investment losses and negative carried interest allocations related to public positions in the healthcare and sustainability strategies.

Second quarter 2022 employee compensation and benefits expenses were $151.3 million, a decrease of $67.9 million from the prior-year period. The decrease is primarily due to $156.3 million lower total revenues, resulting in reduced compensation and benefits accrual.

Second quarter 2022 total expenses were $246.9 million, a decrease of $86.2 million from the prior-year period. The decrease was primarily due to the reduced compensation and benefits accrual.

Second quarter 2022 income tax expense was $5.9 million compared to $10.2 million income tax expense in the prior-year quarter. The decrease was primarily due to the year-over-year decrease in the Company’s income before income taxes.

Second quarter 2022 net income attributable to common stockholders was $12.5 million, down from $43.6 million in the second quarter of 2021.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures 

Throughout this press release, the Company presents supplemental financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with US GAAP. These Non-GAAP financial measures include (i) Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) (ii) Economic Income (Loss), (iii) Economic Operating Income (Loss), (iv) Economic Proceeds and related components, (v) Net Economic Proceeds and related components, (vi) Economic Expenses and related components and (vii) related per share measures. The Company believes that these Non-GAAP financial measures, viewed in addition to, and not in lieu of, the Company’s reported US GAAP results, provide useful information to investors and analysts regarding its performance and overall results of operations as it presents investors and analysts with a supplemental operating view of the Company’s financials to help better inform their analysis of the Company’s performance.

These Non-GAAP financial measures are an integral part of the Company’s internal reporting to measure the performance of its business segments, allocate capital and other strategic decisions as well as assess the overall effectiveness of senior management. The Company believes that presenting these Non-GAAP measures may provide expanded transparency into the Company’s business operations, growth opportunities and expense allocation decisions.

The Company’s primary Non-GAAP financial measures of profit or loss are Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss), Economic Income (Loss) and Economic Operating Income (Loss). Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) is a pre-tax measure which (i) includes management reclassifications which the Company believes provide additional insight on the performance of the Company’s core businesses and divisions; (ii) eliminates the impact of consolidation for Consolidated Funds; and excludes (iii) goodwill and intangible impairment, (iv) certain other transaction-related adjustments and/or reorganization expenses, as well as (v) certain costs associated with debt. Economic Income (Loss) is a similar measure, but after tax, which includes the Company’s income tax expense or benefit calculated on Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) once all currently available net operating losses have been utilized (this occurred during tax year 2020) and is presented after preferred stock dividends. Economic Operating Income (Loss) is a similar measure to Economic Income (Loss), but before depreciation and amortization expenses. The Company believes that these Non-GAAP financial measures provide analysts and investors transparency into the measures of profit and loss management uses to evaluate the financial performance of and make operating decisions for the segments including determining appropriate compensation levels. Additionally, the measures provide investors and analysts with additional insight into the activities of the Company’s core businesses, taking into account, among other things, the impact of minority investment stakes, securities borrowing and lending activities and expenses from investment banking activities on US GAAP reported results. The Company presents Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) in addition to Economic Income (Loss) and Economic Operating Income (Loss) to provide insight to investors and analysts on how the Company manages its tax position over time.

In addition to Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss), Economic Income (Loss) and Economic Operating Income (Loss), the Company also presents Economic Proceeds, Net Economic Proceeds, Economic Expenses, as well as their related components. These measures include management reclassifications and the elimination of the impact of the consolidation for Consolidated funds as described above. These adjustments are meant to provide comparability to our peers as well as to provide investors and analysts with transparency into how the Company manages its operating businesses and how analysts and investors review and analyze the Company’s and its peers’ similar lines of businesses. For example, among others, within the Company’s Op Co business segment, investors and analysts typically review and analyze the performance of investment banking revenues net of underwriting expenses and excluding the impact of reimbursable expenses. Additionally, the performance of the Company’s Markets business is typically analyzed as a unit incorporating commissions, interest from securities financing transactions and gains and losses from proprietary and facilitation trading. The Company’s investment management business performance is analyzed and reviewed by investors and analysts through investment income, incentive income and management fees. The presentation of Economic Proceeds, Net Economic Proceeds, Economic Expenses as well as their related components align with these and other examples of how the Company’s business activities and performance are reviewed by analysts and investors in addition to providing simplification related to legacy businesses and investments for which the Company maintains long-term monetization strategies. Additionally, the Company manages its operating businesses to an Economic Compensation-to-Proceeds ratio. Presentation of Economic Compensation Expense and Economic Proceeds provides transparency in addition to the Company’s US GAAP Compensation Expense.

Reconciliations to comparable US GAAP measures are presented along with the Company’s Non-GAAP financial measures. The Non-GAAP measures presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other public companies and are not identical to corresponding measures used in our various agreements or public filings.

These Non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for revenue, expenses, income (loss) before income taxes, net income, operating cash flows, investing and financing activities, or other income or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with US GAAP. As a result of the adjustments made to arrive at these Non-GAAP measures described below, these Non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not take into account certain items included or excluded under US GAAP, including its consolidated funds.

Second Quarter 2022 Non-GAAP Financial Review

Economic Proceeds

  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021   June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands) Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total
Economic Proceeds                                              
Investment banking $ 97,757     $     $ 97,757     $ 214,427     $     $ 214,427     $ 196,453     $     $ 196,453     $ 507,914   $     $ 507,914
Brokerage   181,935       62       181,997       175,845             175,845       379,791             379,791       397,692           397,692
Management fees   20,173       242       20,415       17,825       299       18,124       40,613       508       41,121       44,709     616       45,325
Incentive income   (29,014 )     (990 )     (30,004 )     (31,566 )     514       (31,052 )     (41,811 )     (1,205 )     (43,016 )     78,359     (701 )     77,658
Investment income (loss)   (10,135 )     203       (9,932 )     5,595       (117 )     5,478       12,091       1,610       13,701       37,514     2,973       40,487
Other economic proceeds   8,404             8,404       7,307             7,307       12,223       1       12,224       8,471     (1 )     8,470
Total: Economic Proceeds   269,120       (483 )     268,637       389,433       696       390,129       599,360       914       600,274       1,074,659     2,887       1,077,546
Economic Interest Expense / (Income)   4,339       618       4,957       7,423       1,174       8,597       (4,170 )     (800 )     (4,970 )     13,366     2,261       15,627
Net Economic Proceeds $ 264,781     $ (1,101 )   $ 263,680     $ 382,010     $ (478 )   $ 381,532     $ 603,530     $ 1,714     $ 605,244     $ 1,061,293   $ 626     $ 1,061,919

Economic Proceeds were $268.6 million versus $390.1 million in the second quarter of 2021, a decrease of 31%.

Investment Banking Economic Proceeds were $97.8 million, down 54% from the prior-year period. The decrease was due primarily to reduced equity underwriting activity and fewer M&A completions.

Brokerage Economic Proceeds of $182.0 million were 3% higher versus the prior-year period, as overall market-wide trading volumes rose in the same period. The increase was due in part to higher cash trading, non-US execution and derivatives trading, partially offset by reduced special situations and securities finance revenues.

Management Fees Economic Proceeds rose 13% year-over-year to $20.4 million, due largely to an increase in assets under management.

Incentive Income Economic Proceeds were a loss of $30.0 million in the second quarter of 2022 versus a loss of $31.1 million in the prior-year period. The loss in both periods was primarily due to a decrease in performance fees in our healthcare investments and sustainability strategies.

Investment Income Economic Proceeds were a loss of $9.9 million versus proceeds of $5.5 million in the prior-year period, a decrease of $15.4 million. The decrease is due largely to a decrease in value of investments in the activist strategy, the event-driven strategy and the merchant banking portfolio.

Economic Interest Expense (Income). In the second quarter of 2022 Cowen had interest expense of $5.0 million, down from $8.6 million in the prior-year period.

Second Quarter 2022 Non-GAAP Financial Review (continued)

Economic Expenses

  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021   June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands) Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total
Economic Expenses                                              
Compensation & Benefits $ 151,235     $ 545   $ 151,780     $ 216,280   $ 4,133   $ 220,413   $ 337,660   $ 1,495   $ 339,155   $ 601,858   $ 6,951     $ 608,809
Non-Compensation Expenses   103,766       30     103,796       87,811     53     87,864     197,558     36     197,594     177,226     (24 )     177,202
Depreciation & Amortization   6,990       7     6,997       4,561     4     4,565     14,169     13     14,182     8,910     9       8,919
Non-Controlling Interest   (27 )         (27 )     1,488         1,488     986         986     2,955           2,955
Total: Economic Expenses $ 261,964     $ 582   $ 262,546     $ 310,140   $ 4,190   $ 314,330   $ 550,373   $ 1,544   $ 551,917   $ 790,949   $ 6,936     $ 797,885

Economic Compensation Expenses were $151.8 million compared to $220.4 million in the second quarter of 2021. The economic compensation-to-proceeds ratio was 56.5%, unchanged year-over-year.

Economic Fixed Non-Compensation Expenses Second quarter 2022 fixed non-compensation expenses were up $2.5 million from the prior-year period at $42.9 million. The year-over-year increase is due in part to an increase in technology-related service fees.

Economic Variable Non-Compensation Expenses were $60.9 million, up from $47.5 million in the second quarter of 2021, due in part to higher trade execution costs from increased markets activity as well as increased client event and entertainment costs. The fixed non-compensation-to-economic-proceeds ratio rose from 10.3% in 2Q’21 to 16.0% in 2Q’22 and the variable non-compensation-to-proceeds ratio rose from 12.2% in 2Q’21 to 22.7% in 2Q’22.

Economic Depreciation and Amortization Expenses were $7.0 million compared to $4.6 million in the second quarter of 2021. The year-over-year increase is due primarily to expenses associated with the Portico acquisition in late 2021.

Second Quarter 2022 Non-GAAP Financial Review (continued)

Economic Income and Economic Operating Income

  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021   June 30, 2022   June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands) Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total   Op Co   Asset Co   Total
Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) $ 2,817   $ (1,683 )   $ 1,134     $ 71,870   $ (4,668 )   $ 67,202   $ 53,157   $ 170     $ 53,327   $ 270,344   $ (6,310 )   $ 264,034
Economic income tax expense   1,236     (419 )     817       19,261     (1,251 )     18,010     13,821     44       13,865     72,451     (1,691 )     70,760
Preferred stock dividends   1,477     221       1,698       1,460     238       1,698     2,938     458       3,396     2,887     509       3,396
Economic Income (Loss) $ 104   $ (1,485 )   $ (1,381 )   $ 51,149   $ (3,655 )   $ 47,494     36,398     (332 )     36,066     195,006     (5,128 )     189,878
Add back: Depreciation and amortization expense, net of taxes   5,101     4       5,105       3,339     3       3,342     10,485     9       10,494     6,522     6       6,528
Economic Operating Income (Loss) $ 5,205   $ (1,481 )   $ 3,724     $ 54,488   $ (3,652 )   $ 50,836   $ 46,883   $ (323 )   $ 46,560   $ 201,528   $ (5,122 )   $ 196,406
                                               
Economic Income per diluted share $   $ (0.05 )   $ (0.05 )   $ 1.51   $ (0.11 )   $ 1.40   $ 1.18   $ (0.01 )   $ 1.17   $ 5.79   $ (0.15 )   $ 5.63
Economic Operating Income per diluted share $ 0.17   $ (0.05 )   $ 0.12     $ 1.61   $ (0.11 )   $ 1.50   $ 1.52   $ (0.01 )   $ 1.51   $ 5.98   $ (0.15 )   $ 5.83
                                                                                 

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures

The following tables reconciles total US GAAP Revenues and Other Income (Loss) to total Economic Proceeds for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:

For the three months ended June 30, 2022
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
  Investment Banking   Brokerage   Investment Income   Management Fees   Incentive Income   Interest and Dividends   Reinsurance Premiums   Other Revenues, net   Consolidated Funds Revenues   Other Income (Loss)   Total
Total US GAAP Revenues and Other Income (Loss)   $ 100,169     $ 154,656     $ (10,003 )   $ 16,717     $     $ 48,545     $ 14,278     $ (6,625 )   $ (15,324 )   $ 3,527     $ 305,940  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                            
Underwriting expenses a   (889 )                                                           (889 )
Reimbursable client expenses b   (1,523 )                                         (296 )                 (1,819 )
Securities financing interest expense c         (79 )                       (28,161 )                             (28,240 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d                     (368 )                       (613 )                 (981 )
Certain equity method investments e                     4,019       2,770                               (4,681 )     2,108  
Carried interest f               32,083             (31,397 )                                   686  
Proprietary trading, interest and dividends g         3,777       (25,295 )           (1,377 )     (11,147 )           4,831             23,141       (6,070 )
Insurance related activities expenses h                                       (14,278 )     11,107                   (3,171 )
Facilitation trading gains and losses i         23,643       3,369                   (9,237 )                       (21,987 )     (4,212 )
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     (2,412 )     27,341       10,157       3,651       (30,004 )     (48,545 )     (14,278 )     15,029             (3,527 )     (42,588 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l               (10,086 )     47                               15,324             5,285  
Total Economic Proceeds   $ 97,757     $ 181,997     $ (9,932 )   $ 20,415     $ (30,004 )   $     $     $ 8,404     $     $     $ 268,637  

For the three months ended June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
  Investment Banking   Brokerage   Investment Income   Management Fees   Incentive Income   Interest and Dividends   Reinsurance Premiums   Other Revenues, net   Consolidated Funds Revenues   Other Income (Loss)   Total
Total US GAAP Revenues and Other Income (Loss)   $ 224,981     $ 139,060     $ 3,160     $ 14,995     $ 169     $ 62,173     $ 11,493     $ 2,031     $ 695     $ 6,730     $ 465,487  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                            
Underwriting expenses a   (6,152 )                                                           (6,152 )
Reimbursable client expenses b   (4,402 )                                         (295 )                 (4,697 )
Securities financing interest expense c         6,132                         (48,854 )                             (42,722 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d         (107 )           (449 )                       (666 )                 (1,222 )
Certain equity method investments e                     3,523       4,358                               (5,894 )     1,987  
Carried interest f               35,530             (35,686 )                                   (156 )
Proprietary trading, interest and dividends g         10,245       (32,710 )           275       (2,262 )           (34 )           10,616       (13,870 )
Insurance related activities expenses h                                       (11,493 )     6,271             1       (5,221 )
Facilitation trading gains and losses i         20,515       (1,554 )                 (11,057 )                       (11,453 )     (3,549 )
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     (10,554 )     36,785       1,266       3,074       (31,053 )     (62,173 )     (11,493 )     5,276             (6,730 )     (75,602 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l               1,052       55       (168 )                       (695 )           244  
Total Economic Proceeds   $ 214,427     $ 175,845     $ 5,478     $ 18,124     $ (31,052 )   $     $     $ 7,307     $     $     $ 390,129  

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

For the six months ended June 30, 2022
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
  Investment Banking   Brokerage   Investment Income   Management Fees   Incentive Income   Interest and Dividends   Reinsurance Premiums   Other Revenues, net   Consolidated Funds Revenues   Other Income (Loss)   Total
Total US GAAP Revenues and Other Income (Loss)   $ 201,711     $ 323,394     $ 58,084     $ 33,486     $ 633     $ 94,880     $ 25,599     $ (7,574 )   $ (17,208 )   $ 9,107     $ 722,112  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                            
Underwriting expenses a   (1,148 )                                                           (1,148 )
Reimbursable client expenses b   (4,110 )                                         (606 )                 (4,716 )
Securities financing interest expense c         (1,326 )                       (57,966 )                             (59,292 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d                     (739 )                       (1,292 )                 (2,031 )
Certain equity method investments e                     8,275       6,362                               (10,437 )     4,200  
Carried interest f               49,150             (48,297 )                                   853  
Proprietary trading gains and losses g         12,595       (87,380 )           (1,714 )     (17,029 )           6,611             39,299       (47,618 )
Insurance related activities expenses h                                       (25,599 )     15,085                   (10,514 )
Facilitation trading gains and losses i         45,128       5,248                   (19,885 )                       (37,969 )     (7,478 )
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     (5,258 )     56,397       (32,982 )     7,536       (43,649 )     (94,880 )     (25,599 )     19,798             (9,107 )     (127,744 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l               (11,401 )     99                               17,208             5,906  
Total Economic Proceeds   $ 196,453     $ 379,791     $ 13,701     $ 41,121     $ (43,016 )   $     $     $ 12,224     $     $     $ 600,274  

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

For the six months ended June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
  Investment Banking   Brokerage   Investment Income   Management Fees   Incentive Income   Interest and Dividends   Reinsurance Premiums   Other Revenues, net   Consolidated Funds Revenues   Other Income (Loss)   Total
Total US GAAP Revenues and Other Income (Loss)   $ 529,815     $ 312,797     $ 179,297     $ 40,737     $ 2,427     $ 121,561     $ 18,610     $ 3,690     $ (2,652 )   $ 18,692     $ 1,224,974  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                            
Underwriting expenses a   (13,067 )                                                           (13,067 )
Reimbursable client expenses b   (8,834 )                                         (583 )                 (9,417 )
Securities financing interest expense c         7,566                         (90,655 )                             (83,089 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d         (266 )           (4,523 )                       (1,305 )                 (6,094 )
Certain equity method investments e                     7,003       13,999                               (16,723 )     4,279  
Carried interest f               (61,239 )           61,353                                     114  
Proprietary trading gains and losses g         26,347       (65,436 )           (51 )     (6,358 )           (271 )           21,766       (24,003 )
Insurance related activities expenses h                     1                   (18,610 )     6,939                   (11,670 )
Facilitation trading gains and losses i         51,248       (10,522 )                 (24,548 )                       (24,418 )     (8,240 )
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     (21,901 )     84,895       (137,197 )     2,481       75,301       (121,561 )     (18,610 )     4,780             (19,375 )     (151,187 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l               (1,613 )     2,107       (70 )                       2,652             3,076  
Income Statement Adjustments                                            
Acquisition related amounts n                                                         (3,855 )     (3,855 )
Debt extinguishment p                                                         4,538       4,538  
Total Income Statement Adjustments:                                                           683       683  
Total Economic Proceeds   $ 507,914     $ 397,692     $ 40,487     $ 45,325     $ 77,658     $     $     $ 8,470     $     $     $ 1,077,546  

The following table reconciles total US GAAP interest and dividends expense to total Economic Interest Expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

    Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)   2022       2021       2022       2021  
Total US GAAP Interest & Dividend Expense   $ 53,925     $ 63,073     $ 100,449     $ 120,714  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                
Securities financing interest expense c   (28,240 )     (42,722 )     (59,292 )     (83,089 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d   (1,313 )     (628 )     (2,209 )     (1,171 )
Proprietary trading gains and losses g   (15,125 )     (1,248 )     (36,286 )     (5,486 )
Facilitation trading gains and losses i   (4,212 )     (3,549 )     (7,478 )     (8,240 )
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     (48,890 )     (48,147 )     (105,265 )     (97,986 )
Income Statement Adjustments:              
Accelerated debt costs p         (5,557 )           (5,557 )
Amortization of discount/(premium) on debt m   (78 )     (772 )     (154 )     (1,544 )
Total Income Statement Adjustments:     (78 )     (6,329 )     (154 )     (7,101 )
Total Economic Interest Expense / (Income) $ 4,957     $ 8,597     $ (4,970 )   $ 15,627  

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

The following tables reconcile total US GAAP Expenses and non-controlling interests to total Economic Expenses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021:

    Three Months Ended June 30, 2022   Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands)   Employee
Compensation
and Benefits
  Non-compensation
US GAAP
Expenses
(including
Depreciation and
Amortization)
  Net income (loss)
attributable to non-
controlling interests in
consolidated
subsidiaries and
investment funds
  Total   Employee
Compensation
and Benefits
  Non-compensation
US GAAP
Expenses
(including
Depreciation and
Amortization)
  Net income (loss)
attributable to non-
controlling interests
in consolidated
subsidiaries and
investment funds
  Total
Total US GAAP   $ 151,322     $ 95,603     $ (14,981 )   $ 231,944     $ 219,186     $ 113,906     $ 13,755     $ 346,847  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                  
Underwriting expenses a         (889 )           (889 )           (6,152 )           (6,152 )
Reimbursable client expenses b         (1,819 )           (1,819 )           (4,697 )           (4,697 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d         332             332             (594 )           (594 )
Certain equity method investments e         2,108             2,108             1,987             1,987  
Carried interest f         686             686             (156 )           (156 )
Proprietary trading gains and losses g         (587 )     9,642       9,055             1,501       (14,123 )     (12,622 )
Insurance related activities expenses h         (3,171 )           (3,171 )           (5,221 )           (5,221 )
Associated partner/banker compensation j   806       (806 )                 1,574       (1,574 )            
Management company non-Controlling interest k   (348 )     375       (27 )           (347 )     (1,141 )     1,488        
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     458       (3,771 )     9,615       6,302       1,227       (16,047 )     (12,635 )     (27,455 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l         (54 )     5,339       5,285             (124 )     368       244  
Income Statement Adjustments:                                
Acquisition related adjustments n         (78 )           (78 )           (76 )           (76 )
Contingent liability adjustments n         19,093             19,093             (5,230 )           (5,230 )
Total Income Statement Adjustments:           19,015             19,015             (5,306 )           (5,306 )
Total Economic Expenses   $ 151,780     $ 110,793     $ (27 )   $ 262,546     $ 220,413     $ 92,429     $ 1,488     $ 314,330  

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

    Six Months Ended June 30, 2022   Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
(Dollar amounts in thousands)   Employee
Compensation
and Benefits
  Non-compensation
US GAAP
Expenses
(including
Depreciation and
Amortization)
  Net income (loss)
attributable to non
-controlling interests in
consolidated
subsidiaries and
investment funds
  Total   Employee
Compensation
and Benefits
  Non-compensation
US GAAP
Expenses
(including
Depreciation and
Amortization)
  Net income (loss)
attributable to non-
controlling interests
in consolidated
subsidiaries and
investment funds
  Total
Total US GAAP   $ 338,500     $ 211,037     $ 5,150     $ 554,687     $ 607,382     $ 221,062     $ 18,317     $ 846,761  
Management Presentation Reclassifications:                                
Underwriting expenses a         (1,148 )           (1,148 )           (13,067 )           (13,067 )
Reimbursable client expenses b         (4,716 )           (4,716 )           (9,417 )           (9,417 )
Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees d         178             178             (4,923 )           (4,923 )
Certain equity method investments e         4,200             4,200             4,279             4,279  
Carried interest f         853             853             114             114  
Proprietary trading gains and losses g         (117 )     (11,215 )     (11,332 )           3,271       (21,788 )     (18,517 )
Insurance related activities expenses h         (10,514 )           (10,514 )           (11,670 )           (11,670 )
Associated partner/banker compensation j   1,352       (1,352 )                 2,122       (2,122 )            
Management company non-Controlling interest k   (697 )     (289 )     986             (695 )     (2,260 )     2,955        
Total Management Presentation Reclassifications:     655       (12,905 )     (10,229 )     (22,479 )     1,427       (35,795 )     (18,833 )     (53,201 )
Fund Consolidated Reclassifications l         (159 )     6,065       5,906             (395 )     3,471       3,076  
Income Statement Adjustments:                                
Acquisition related amounts n         (158 )           (158 )           (317 )           (317 )
Contingent liability adjustments n         13,961             13,961             1,566             1,566  
Total Income Statement Adjustments:           13,803             13,803             1,249             1,249  
Total Economic Expenses   $ 339,155     $ 211,776     $ 986     $ 551,917     $ 608,809     $ 186,121     $ 2,955     $ 797,885  

The following table reconciles US GAAP Net Income (loss) Attributable to Cowen Inc. Common Stockholders to Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss), Economic Income (loss) and Economic Operating Income (loss):

Reconciliation of US GAAP (Unaudited) to Non-GAAP Measures (continued)

      Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
(Dollar amounts in thousands)     2022       2021       2022       2021  
                   
US GAAP Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc. common stockholders   $ 12,465     $ 43,625     $ 45,783     $ 189,431  
  Income Statement Adjustments:                
  US GAAP Income tax expense (benefit) o   5,908       10,244       17,797       64,672  
  Amortization of discount (premium) on debt m   78       772       154       1,544  
  Debt extinguishment gain (loss) and/or accelerated debt costs p         5,557             10,095  
  Bargain purchase gain n                     (3,855 )
  Contingent liability adjustments n   (19,093 )     5,230       (13,961 )     (1,566 )
  Acquisition related amounts n   78       76       158       317  
  Preferred stock dividends q   1,698       1,698       3,396       3,396  
  Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss)     1,134       67,202       53,327       264,034  
  Economic income tax expense     (817 )     (18,010 )     (13,865 )     (70,760 )
  Preferred stock dividends     (1,698 )     (1,698 )     (3,396 )     (3,396 )
  Economic Income (Loss)     (1,381 )     47,494       36,066       189,878  
  Add back: Depreciation and amortization expense, net of taxes     5,105       3,342       10,494       6,528  
  Economic Operating Income (Loss)   $ 3,724     $ 50,836     $ 46,560     $ 196,406  

The following table reconciles US GAAP Net Income (loss) Attributable to Cowen Inc. Common Stockholders Earnings Per Common Share (Diluted) to Pre-tax Economic Income (loss) Per Common Share (Diluted), Economic Income (loss) Per Common Share (Diluted) and Economic Operating Income (loss) Per Common Share (Diluted):

      Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
(Dollars per share)     2022       2021       2022       2021  
                   
US GAAP Net income (loss) attributable to Cowen Inc. common stockholders   $ 0.41     $ 1.29     $ 1.48     $ 5.62  
  Income Statement Adjustments:                
  US GAAP Income tax expense (benefit) o   0.20       0.30       0.58       1.92  
  Amortization of discount (premium) on debt m         0.02             0.05  
  Debt extinguishment gain (loss) and accelerated debt costs p         0.16             0.30  
  Bargain purchase gain n                     (0.11 )
  Contingent liability adjustments n   (0.63 )     0.15       (0.45 )     (0.05 )
  Acquisition related amounts n               0.01       0.01  
  Preferred stock dividends q   0.06       0.05       0.11       0.10  
  Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) per common share (diluted)     0.04       1.98       1.73       7.83  
  Economic income tax expense     (0.03 )     (0.53 )     (0.45 )     (2.10 )
  Preferred stock dividends     (0.06 )     (0.05 )     (0.11 )     (0.10 )
  Economic income (Loss) per common share (diluted)     (0.05 )     1.40       1.17       5.63  
  Add back: Depreciation and amortization expense, net of taxes     0.17       0.10       0.34       0.20  
  Economic Operating Income (Loss) per common share (diluted)   $ 0.12     $ 1.50     $ 1.51     $ 5.83  

Note: Amounts may not add due to rounding.

Adjustments made to US GAAP Net Income (Loss) to arrive at Economic Operating Income (Loss)

Management Reclassifications
  Management reclassification adjustments and fund consolidation reclassification adjustments have no effect on Economic Operating Income (Loss). These adjustments are reclassifications to change the location of certain line items.
a Underwriting expenses: Economic Proceeds presents investment banking revenues net of underwriting expenses.
b Reimbursable client expenses: Economic Proceeds presents expenses reimbursed from clients and affiliates within their respective expense category but is included as a part of revenues under US GAAP.
c Securities financing interest expense: Brokerage within Economic Proceeds included net securities borrowed and securities loaned activities which are shown gross in interest income and interest expense for US GAAP.
d Fund start-up costs, distribution and other fees: Economic Proceeds and Economic Interest Expense are net of fund start-up costs and distribution fees paid to agents and other debt service costs.
e Certain equity method investments: Economic Proceeds and Economic Expenses recognize the Company’s proportionate share of management and incentive fees and associated share of expenses on a gross basis for equity method investments within the activist business, real estate operating entities and the healthcare royalty business. The Company applies the equity method of accounting to these entities and accordingly the results from these businesses are recorded within Other Income (Loss) for US GAAP.
f Carried interest: The Company applies an equity ownership model to carried interest which is recorded in Investment income – Carried interest allocation for US GAAP. The Company presents carried interest as Incentive Income Economic Proceeds.
g Proprietary trading, interest and dividends: Economic Proceeds presents interest and dividends from the Company’s proprietary trading in investment income.
h Insurance related activities expenses: Economic Proceeds presents underwriting income from the Company’s insurance and reinsurance related activities, net of expenses, within other revenue. The costs are recorded within expenses for US GAAP reporting.
i Facilitation trading gains and losses: Economic Brokerage Proceeds presents gains and losses on investments held as part of the Company’s facilitation and trading business within brokerage revenues as these investments are directly related to the markets business activities while these are presented in Investment income – Securities principal transactions, net for US GAAP reporting.
j Associated partner/banker compensation reclassification: Economic Compensation Expense presents certain payments to associated banking partners as compensation rather than non-compensation expenses.
k Management company non-controlling interest: Economic Expenses non-controlling interest represents only operating entities that are not wholly owned by the Company. The Company also presents non-controlling interests within total expenses for Economic Income (Loss).
Fund Consolidation Reclassifications
l The impacts of consolidation and the related elimination entries of the Consolidated Funds are not included in Economic Income (Loss). Adjustments to reconcile to US GAAP Net Income (Loss) included elimination of incentive income and management fees earned from the Consolidated Funds and addition of investment fund expenses excluding management fees paid, investment fund revenues and investment income (loss).
Income Statement Adjustments
m Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) excludes the amortization of discount (premium) on debt.
n Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) excludes acquisition related adjustments (including bargain purchase gain and contingent liability adjustments).
o Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) excludes US GAAP income taxes.
p Pre-tax Economic Income (Loss) excludes gain/(loss) on debt extinguishment and accelerated debt costs.
q Pre-tax Economic income (Loss) excludes preferred stock dividends.

About Cowen Inc. 
Cowen Inc. (“Cowen” or the “Company”) is a diversified financial services firm that provides investment banking, research, sales and trading, prime brokerage, outsourced trading and commission management services. Cowen also has an investment management division which offers actively managed alternative investment products. Founded in 1918, the Company is headquartered in New York and has offices worldwide. Learn more at Cowen.com        

Investor Relations Contact:
JT Farley, Managing Director
(646) 562-1056
james.farley@cowen.com
Source: Cowen Inc.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements provide the Company’s current expectations or forecasts of future events. Forward-looking statements include statements about the Company’s expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, intentions, assumptions and other statements that are not historical facts.   Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and are based on potentially inaccurate assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected or implied by the forward-looking statements. As a result of the spread of COVID-19, economic uncertainties have arisen that have the potential in future periods to negatively impact the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operation, cash flows, strategies and prospects. The extent of the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak and impact on our clients, employees, vendors and the markets in which we operate our businesses, all of which are uncertain and cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. The Company’s actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements for many reasons, including the factors described in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q are available at our website at www.cowen.com and at the Securities and Exchange Commission website at www.sec.gov. Unless required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect circumstances or events after the date of this press release.


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Source: Cowen Inc.

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